What is it?
Participles can act like adjectives. They can modify a substantive or even say something about it. The use of modifying a substantive is common.
How can I recognize it?You will recognize an adjectival participle that is modifying a substantive in two ways:
1) it will usually have a definite article
2) it will agree with the substantive it is modifying in gender, number, and case.
How do I translate it?
The adjectival participle that is modifying a substantive should be translated like a relative clause. So o` maqhth.j o` pisteu,wn should be translated "the disciple who believes."
Watch the following video for more information on translating an adjectival participle.